Q. How often do I see a dentist?
A. The American Dental Association (ADA) guidelines recommend visiting a dentist at least twice a year for a checkup and professional cleaning. Our office also recommends a minimum of two visits per year. Regular dental visits are essential in preventing dental problems and maintaining the health of your teeth and gum. At these visits, your teeth are checked for cavities and cleaned if necessary followed by oral hygiene instructions.
Q. How often should I brush or floss?
A. Brushing and Flossing help control the plaque and bacteria that causes dental disease. Plaque is a thin film of food debris, bacteria and saliva that sticks to the teeth and gums. The bacteria in plaque convert certain food particles into acids that cause tooth decay. Also, if plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus(tartar).Consequent to this is destruction of gums and bone(periodontal disease).Formation and growth of plaque is continuous and can only be controlled by regular and proper brushing, flossing and use of other aids.
Brush your teeth at least twice a day (especially before going to bed) with an ADA approved toothbrush and toothpaste using the right technique.
Flossing should be done daily, especially after meal. It is the best way to clean between the teeth and under the gum line. Flossing not only helps clean these spaces, it disrupts plaque colonies from building up, preventing damage to the gums, teeth and bone.
Q. If I have bad breath, what should I do?
A. Bad breath can be an unpleasant and embarrassing condition. Many of us may not realize that we have it, but everyone do have bad breath from time to time, especially in the mornings. There are various reasons one may have bad breath, but in healthy people, the major reason is due to microbial deposits on the tongue, mostly the back of tongue. Some studies have shown that simply brushing the tongue reduced bad breath by as much as 70 percent.
*Morning Time – Saliva flow almost during sleep and saliva’s reduced cleansing action allows bacteria to grow, causing bad breath.
*Certain Foods – Garlic, onions, etc. Foods containing odor-causing compounds enter the blood stream, they are transferred to the lungs where they are exhaled.
*Poor oral hygiene habits – Food particles remaining in the mouth promote bacterial growth.
* Periodontal (gum) – Colonies of bacteria and food debris residing under inflamed gums.
*Dental Cavities and improperly fitted dental appliances –May also contribute.
*Dry mouth (Xerostomia) – May be caused by certain medications, salivary gland problems, or continuous mouth breathing.
*Tobacco Products – Dry the mouth, causing bad breath.
*Dieting – Certain chemicals called ketones are released in the breath as the body burns fat.
*Dehydration, hunger, and missed meals – Drinking water and chewing food increases saliva flow and washes bacteria away.
*Certain medical conditions and illnesses – Diabetes, Liver and kidney problems, chronic sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia are several conditions that may contribute to bad breath.
Keeping a record of what you eat may help identify the cause of bad breath. Also review your current medications, recent surgeries, or illnesses with your dentist.
Having accessed yourself and played your own part in avoiding the high risk factors stated above, yet you are not satisfied with your breath, please visit a dentist for a professional evaluation and management.
Q. How do I know when I have Gum disease?
A. Gum disease could mean Gingivitis (when only the gum is affected) or Periodontitis (when the gum and other supporting structures of the tooth, bone, ligaments are involved). Most people (4 out of 5) are not aware they have periodontal disease because it is usually painless in the early stage. Unlike tooth decay which often causes discomfort, it is possible to have to have periodontal disease without noticeable symptoms symptoms.
Periodontal disease begins when plaque, a sticky colourless film of bacteria, food debris and saliva is left on the teeth and gums. The bacteria produces toxins that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
*Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
*Bleeding gums – Healthy gums don’t bleed even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
*Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
*New Spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
* Receding gums –Loss of gum around a tooth.
*Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
*Pus around the teeth and gums –A sign that there is an infection present.
*Tenderness or Discomfort –Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gum and teeth, causing pain.
Good Oral hygiene, eating balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Q. What can I do about stained or discoloured teeth?
A. As we age, the outer layer of tooth enamel wears away, eventually revealing a darker or yellow shade. The colour of our teeth also comes from the inside of the tooth, which may become darker over time. Smoking, drinking coffee, tea, and wine may also contribute to tooth discoloration, making our teeth yellow and dull. Sometimes, teeth can become discolored from taking certain medications as a child, such as tetracycline. Excessive fluoridation (Fluorosis) during tooth development can also cause teeth to become discolored. Most of these teeth discoloration can be treated or corrected by teeth whitening.
Professional teeth whitening (or bleaching) is a simple ,non invasive dental treatment used to change the color of natural tooth enamel ,and is the ideal way to enhance the beauty of your smile. Over-the-counter products are also available, but they are much less effective than professional treatments and may not have been approved by American Dental Association(ADA).
It is important to have your teeth evaluated by a dentist to determine if you are a good candidate for whitening (bleaching).Occasionally, tetracycline and fluorosis stains are difficult to bleach and your dentist may offer other options, such as veneers or crowns to cover up such stains. It is also important to do scaling and polishing, fill existing cavities before teeth whitening begins. Also note that whitening only works on tooth enamel, so existing restorations, veneers, crowns can be changed to match the shade of the newly whitened teeth.
The most widely used professional teeth whitening system:
Home teeth whitening systems:
At-home products usually come in a gel form that is placed in a custom-fitted tray, created from a mold of your teeth. The trays are worn either twice a day for approximately 30 minutes per session, or overnight while you sleep. It usually takes several weeks to achieve the desired result depending on the degree of staining and the desired level of whitening.
In office teeth whitening:
This treatment is done in the dental office and you will see results immediately. It may require more than one visit, with each lasting 30 to 60 minutes. While your gums are protected, a bleaching solution is applied to the teeth. A special light may be used to enhance the action of the agent in achieving the teeth whitening.
Some patients may experience teeth sensitivity after having their teeth whitened. This sensation is temporary and subsides shortly after you complete the bleaching process, usually within a few days to one week.
Q. What if I have a chipped tooth, gap in my teeth or teeth that do not respond to normal bleaching methods?
A. Chipped, cracked, gap teeth can be repaired using composite build up. For teeth that do not respond to bleaching, Composite or Porcelain veneers will be done to achieve a beautiful smile. Both porcelain and composite are colour-matched to the rest of your teeth.
Q. What if I have an emergency?
A. Please call us as soon as you ascertain you have a dental emergency. We will be glad to work you into our schedule during regular business hours. After work hours and over the weekend, please call the doctor on +2348071557277.
Q. Do you open business on public holidays?
A. Yes. We are open for business 8am - 2pm